Modern name for the area near modern Cairo that was the main burial site for the rulers of Dynasty 4. The site is dominated by the three pyramid complexes of Khufu and Khufu’s son, Khafre, and grandson, Menkaure. The Sphinx appears to have been constructed under Khafre but was renovated by the later king, Thutmose IV. The pyramids are surrounded by the tombsof the wives, children, and officials of the monarchs. The most important early excavations here were carried out by the Italian Giovanni Battista Caviglia in 1817 and the British John Perring and Howard Vyse from 1837–1838. In more modern times, the site has been excavated by several expeditions, the most notable led by Auguste Mariettein 1853; FlindersPetriefrom 1880–1881; the Boston Museum of Fine Arts under George Reisner from 1902–1939, whose discoveries included the tomb of Hetepheres, which was examined from 1924–1927; the Italian Ernesto Schiaparelli in 1903; the Austrian Hermann Junker from 1912–1929; the American Clarence Fisher for the University of Pennsylvania in 1915; and Egyptian archaeologists Selim Hassan from 1929–1939, Abdel-Moneim Abu Bakr for the University of Cairo from 1949–1976, an Egyptian team that excavated one of the boat graves beside the pyramid of Khufu in 1954; and more recently Zahi Hawass and Mark Lehner in 1978, 1980, and since 1989. The University of Cairo resumed work in the area in 2000.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giza — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Giza. Giza o Guiza (en árabe, الجيزة Al Ŷīza, pronunciado Al Gīza en dialecto egipcio) es una ciudad de Egipto en la orilla occidental del río Nilo, situada unos veinte kilómetros al sudoeste del centro de El Cairo,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giza — kann stehen für: die englische Schreibweise für Gizeh bei Kairo Piotr Giza (* 1980), polnischer Fußballspieler Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giza — Nom polonais qui devrait correspondre au mot giza , désignant la patte arrière du boeuf ou du cochon. Peut être le surnom d un marchand de jambons ? …   Noms de famille

  • Giza —   [ z ], Gizeh, Stadt in Ägypten, Giseh …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Giza — Giza, Gizeh → Guiza …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Giza — place in Egypt, from Arabic Er ges her beside the high, i.e., the Great Pyramid …   Etymology dictionary

  • Giza — Gíza ž DEFINICIJA arheol. lokalitet (među sedam svjetskih čuda) u Egiptu na kojem su podignute tri piramide IV dinastije (o.2613 2494. pr. Kr.) na platou Z obale Nila uz grad Gizu; najstarija i najveća je Keopsova, druga je Kefrenova i treća… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • giza — (gyža?) sf. M žr. gyžas …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Gîza — [gē′zə] city in N Egypt, near Cairo: site of the Sphinx & three pyramids: pop. 2,156,000: also sp. Gîzeh …   English World dictionary

  • Giza — You may have been looking for the Great Pyramid of Giza. : For the three pyramids of Giza, visit the Giza pyramid complex. : Gizeh redirects here. Gizeh is also a popular brand in Germany of cigarette rolling papers; see Mascotte (rolling papers) …   Wikipedia

  • Gîza — DMS …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”